[11] Giuseppe Alberigo, general editor, History of Vatican II (Maryknoll: Orbis & Leuven: Peeters, 2003) IV:502-513. In such circumstances, direct papal intervention within the process of free and open deliberations could have scuttled the process itself and reasserted the ability of the papal monarchy to trump the collegial authority of the Council. It is heartening to recognize that, in some few instances, papal intervention appears to have worked against the passage of certain texts.