22 . Kathy Rudy, in her book, Beyond Pro-Life and Pro-Choice (Boston: Beacon Press, 1996), develops the futility of adhering to ideologies that divide the church when what is needed is the pastoral care of all concerned when it comes to new life (pp. 112-129). Robert J. McManus (now a bishop) offers sober cautions to bishops and to politicians in his article, Bishops, Politicians, and Abortion (www.priestsforlife.org/government/mcmanus.htm).